Fuel is what power plants that can produce energy and the term "BIo" implies that this fuel will originate from a natural source whether it is grown or is a waste product. Whether we are considering a liquid form like ethanol and biodiesel or gaseous forms like methane based biogas, it is certainly a Smart Idea and the topic is gathering interest worldwide from scientists, engineers, businessmen and even home owners making their own biofuel on smaller scales. An interesting aspect of Biofuel Production that is related to environmental causes is Biofuel power obtained by using biological waste to make bio ethanol. There are so many options to think about when embarking on biofuel production and the media presentation gives "food for thought" on logistics and other issues. 


Biogas can also be extracted from waste and is interesting to a business that wants to make bio waste more profitable. Local businesses might also be able to apply for assistance and even obtain something called carbon credits which might give financial justification for construction of a Biogas plant. Biogas plant design, construction and operation requires an understanding of process engineering since feed material from different sources and in different conditions might be used for the process which means that they have to be handled in a slightly different manner to ensure energy efficient systems that work in conjunction with  environmental and health. Just like any other kind of processing activity that produces electricity the Biogas plant depends upon reliable designs and equipment such as pumps, conveyors, mixers, weigh scales, containers and control/monitoring instrumentation.


Biogas production involves a fermentation process and the byproduct of this process is Biogas which can be compressed, stored and fed to the power plant to produce electricity. 

Biodiesel is also a viable alternative and much attention has been given to it especially over the last decade. It is not only major industries who are involved but also large numbers of home owners who are enthusiastic about the idea of producing a fuel in house. Some of these homeowners are involved in multiple schemes to lower electricity costs and produce their own forms of energy and it is a growing community of individuals who like to exchange technical information amongst themselves.


Biodiesel can be produced from plants such as palm oil, sunflower oil and other vegetable oils and certain crops. Whatever is in plentiful supply and available locally to a prospective biodiesel producer will most probably be the first choice unless they are importing feed. What is of particular interest to environmentalists is the fact that burning biodiesel puts back into the atmosphere carbon neutrals. What might be of more value to biodiesel manufacturers are catalysts. The main function of a catalyst is to speed up a reaction. With the implementation of catalysts and well managed biodiesel manufacturing processes it is possible to produce biodiesel in a timely fashion. Smart manufacturers are continually developing new ways to make higher quality and economically viable biodiesel.